Mullā Jīwan’s Methodology in His Qurʾān Commentary Al-Tafsīrāt Al-Aḥmadiyyah

Published in the Australian Journal of Islamic Studies.

Abstract (excerpt)

This article outlines the Ḥanafī subcontinent contribution to the field of tafsīr. It provides a synopsis of Ḥanafī books on the genre of aḥkām al-Qurʾān (legal verses of the Qurʾān). Aḥmad b. Abū Sa‘īd al-Junfūrī (d. 1717), more commonly known as Mullā Jīwan, was an Indian jurist and celebrated teacher of the Mughal Emperor Alamgir (d. 1707). Given he was a teacher of a Mughal emperor, his writings potentially had the capability to practice and influence fiqh at state level. In his introduction, Mullā Jīwan states three types of derivations from the selected āyāt: juristic rulings (aḥkām fiqhiyyah), Islamic jurisprudence (uṣūl al-fiqh) and issues of creed (masāʾil al-‘ʿaqīdah al-sunniyyah). I use examples of āyāt for each derivation to highlight and identify the manhaj (methodology) of his tafsīr.

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