Department of Hadith

The Department of Hadith provides instruction in two main branches of hadith studies: riwāyat al-ḥadīth (the study of hadith chains) and dirāyat al-ḥadīth (the study of hadith texts), with a focus on developing proficiency in three particular areas of learning:

(1) Hadith nomenclature (muṣtalaḥ al-ḥadīth)
(2) Hadith criticism (naqd al-ḥadīth)
(3) Hadith text study (matn al-ḥadīth).

At the undergraduate level, students are exposed to an understanding of Islamic ethics through the textual study of hadith works like Imam al-Nawawī’s Riyāḍ al-Ṣāliḥīn. A more thorough exposure to al-mafhūm al-islāmī (Islamic content) is achieved through the study of Imam Tabrīzī’s hadith super-collection Mishkāt al-Maṣābīḥ in the final year of the undergraduate program.

Hadith nomenclature at the undergraduate level is introduced through basic texts like al-Bayqūniyyah and ʿAbd al-Ḥaqq al-Dihlawī’s Muqaddamah fī Uṣūl al-Ḥadīth and proficiency developed through a critical study of Ibn Ḥajar’s Nuzhat al-Naẓar and its various commentaries, including Muḥammad Akram al-Sindī’s Imʿān al-Naẓar and Mullā ʿAlī al-Qārī’s Sharḥ Sharḥ al-Nukhbah.

At the graduate level, an expansive study of primary hadith collections with a critical view of their chains and texts is divided into stages, beginning with a study of hadith literature through a legal lens. Students are taught to understand the arguments of a legal school through the study of their hadith evidences primarily using Imam Mālik’s al-Muwaṭṭā (through the transmissions of Muḥammad b. al-Ḥasan al-Shaybānī and Yaḥyā b. Yaḥyā al-Laythī) and Imam al-Ṭaḥāwī’s Sharḥ Maʿānī al-Āthār, and secondarily through Imam Abū Ḥanīfah’s Kitāb al-Āthār and various Masānīd as well as Imam Muḥammad’s Kitāb al-Ḥujjah ʿalā Ahl al-Madīnah.

Source criticism (takhrīj al-ḥadīth wa dirāsat al-asānīd) is then both theoretically studied and practically applied through the various Sunan works, including those of Imam Ibn Mājah and Imam al-Nasāʾī. Students critically analyze the zawāʾid (narrations unique among the six canonical works) of Ibn Mājah with a focus on the critique of their narrators (rijāl) and also understand the process of hadith takhrīj (source citation and ruling) through the chains of Imam al-Nasāʾī’s al-Mujtabā.

Graduate level study culminates with a complete and detailed reading of the Sunans of Imams Abū Dāwūd and al-Tirmidhī, with a brief commentary of the legal discussions involved in each chapter of the texts and a study of the two Ṣaḥīḥs of Imams al-Bukhārī and Muslim with a focus on studying their works through the the lens of the author and not necessarily through one’s madhhab (Legal School of Thought).

Mawlana Bilal Ali Ansari

Liaison, Department of Hadith
bilal.ali@darulqasim.org

Core Content Curriculum


 

Hadith
Course CodeCore or ElectiveDepartmentCourse NameCourse Description
HAD101CoreHadithEthics in the Prophetic Tradition: al-Nawawī’s Riyāḍ al-Ṣāliḥīn IAs a study of Imam Abū Zakariyyā al-Nawawī’s renowned hadith collection on virtues Riyāḍ al-Ṣāliḥīn, the course consists of reading and translating the narrations of the work alongside a brief commentary provided by the instructor. Through this course students are expected not only to understand and memorize hadith of everyday importance, but also to use the Prophetic traditions to strengthen their Arabic vocabulary and grammar.
HAD102CoreHadithEthics in the Prophetic Tradition: al-Nawawī’s Riyāḍ al-Ṣāliḥīn IIAs a study of Imam Abū Zakariyyā al-Nawawī’s renowned hadith collection on virtues Riyāḍ al-Ṣāliḥīn, the course consists of reading and translating the narrations of the work alongside a brief commentary provided by the instructor. Through this course students are expected not only to understand and memorize hadith of everyday importance, but also to use the Prophetic traditions to strengthen their Arabic vocabulary and grammar.
HAD301CoreHadithIntroduction to Hadith Methodology and LiteratureThis course is an introductory study of the terminology and methodology of the hadith sciences. The course first tackles al-Manẓūmah al-Bayqūniyyah, a concise poem on hadith terminology (muṣtalaḥ), followed by a complete reading of a similarly introductory text, such as 'Abd al-Ḥaqq al-Dihlawī’s (d. 1052/1642) Muqaddamah fī Uṣūl al-Ḥadīth. The study of hadith terminology and methodology is supplemented with later lectures and readings in the history of hadith compilation and its literature.
HAD302CoreHadithIntroduction to the Hadith SciencesThis course analyzes the intermediate-level hadith sciences text Nuẓhat al-Naẓar of Ibn Ḥajar al-ʿAsqalānī (d. 852/1449), expanding the study of the hadith sciences beyond terminology and into subfields such as narrator criticism (jarḥ wa taʿdīl), prosopography (rijāl), and the ethics of hadith reception and transmission. Students will be expected to analyze the text critically using glosses and commentaries written by the author’s own students Qāsim b. Quṭlūbghā (d. 879/1474) and al-Kamāl Ibn Abī Sharīf (d. 906/1501). Students will additionally be taught to explore and access various genres of hadith works, especially the glossaries, indexes, dictionaries, and catalogs unique to the field.
HAD401CoreHadithReading the Hadith: al-Tibrīzī’s Mishkāt al-Maṣābīḥ IThe course consists of an extensive study of the six-thousand plus hadith texts (mutūn) found in Imam al-Tibrīzī’s (d. 737/) hadith super-collection Mishkāt al-Maṣābīḥ. The course provides a thorough and critical analysis of the theological, legal, and ethical rules derived from its narrations as well as their historical authenticity. Through the study of a work that collects hadith of not only the six canonical Ṣaḥīḥ works but also those of Imams Mālik, Aḥmad, al-Dārimī, al-Bayhaqī, al-Dāraquṭnī, and Razīn, students are given a thorough exposure to the Islamic understanding (al-mafhūm al-Islāmī) found in hadith literature.
HAD402CoreHadithReading the Hadith: al-Tibrīzī’s Mishkāt al-Maṣābīḥ IIThe course consists of an extensive study of the six-thousand plus hadith texts (mutūn) found in Imam al-Tibrīzī’s (d. 737/) hadith super-collection Mishkāt al-Maṣābīḥ. The course provides a thorough and critical analysis of the theological, legal, and ethical rules derived from its narrations as well as their historical authenticity. Through the study of a work that collects hadith of not only the six canonical Ṣaḥīḥ works but also those of Imams Mālik, Aḥmad, al-Dārimī, al-Bayhaqī, al-Dāraquṭnī, and Razīn, students are given a thorough exposure to the Islamic understanding (al-mafhūm al-Islāmī) found in hadith literature.
HAD403CoreHadithReading the Hadith: al-Tibrīzī’s Mishkāt al-Maṣābīḥ IIIThe course consists of an extensive study of the six-thousand plus hadith texts (mutūn) found in Imam al-Tibrīzī’s (d. 737/) hadith super-collection Mishkāt al-Maṣābīḥ. The course provides a thorough and critical analysis of the theological, legal, and ethical rules derived from its narrations as well as their historical authenticity. Through the study of a work that collects hadith of not only the six canonical Ṣaḥīḥ works but also those of Imams Mālik, Aḥmad, al-Dārimī, al-Bayhaqī, al-Dāraquṭnī, and Razīn, students are given a thorough exposure to the Islamic understanding (al-mafhūm al-Islāmī) found in hadith literature.
HAD404CoreHadithReading the Hadith: al-Tibrīzī’s Mishkāt al-Maṣābīḥ IVThe course consists of an extensive study of the six-thousand plus hadith texts (mutūn) found in Imam al-Tibrīzī’s (d. 737/) hadith super-collection Mishkāt al-Maṣābīḥ. The course provides a thorough and critical analysis of the theological, legal, and ethical rules derived from its narrations as well as their historical authenticity. Through the study of a work that collects hadith of not only the six canonical Ṣaḥīḥ works but also those of Imams Mālik, Aḥmad, al-Dārimī, al-Bayhaqī, al-Dāraquṭnī, and Razīn, students are given a thorough exposure to the Islamic understanding (al-mafhūm al-Islāmī) found in hadith literature.
HAD501CoreHadithStudies in Early Legal Hadith Discourse: Abū Ḥanīfah and Mālik IThis course is an intensive analysis of the earliest legal arguments from hadith, in particular those employed by the preeminent jurists of the first and second centuries: Imams Abū Ḥanīfah, Mālik, Abū Yūsuf, and Muḥammad b. al-Ḥasan al-Shaybānī. Particular emphasis is devoted to legal arguments found in the transmissions of Mālik’s al-Muwaṭṭā through Muḥammad b. al-Ḥasan and Yaḥyā b. Yahyā al-Laythī, but readings in Muḥammad b. al-Ḥasan’s Kitāb al-Ḥujjah, Abū Ḥanīfah’s Kitāb al-Āthār, and al-Khawārizimī’s Jāmi' Masānīd al-Imām al-Aʿẓam are also included. Considerable attention will be given to understanding the different approaches of the Ahl al-Ra'y (jurists) and Ahl al-Ḥadīth (hadith transmitters) as well as those between the early (Ḥanafī and Mālikī) and later (Shāfi'ī and Ḥanbalī) juridical schools.
HAD511CoreHadithḤanafīs and Textual Authority: Reading al-Ṭaḥāwī’s Sharḥ Maʿānī al-Āthār IThe bifurcation of the juridical schools along the lines of Ahl al-Ḥadīth (hadith transmitters) and Ahl al-Raʾy (jurists) was largely a consequence of claims from the former that the latter’s overuse of legal reasoning (raʾy) resulted in a neglect of clear and established hadith evidence. Imam Abū Ja'far al-Ṭaḥāwī addresses this claim in a monumental hadith collection, Sharḥ Ma'ānī al-Āthār, that serves as one of the earliest expansive hadith-based defense of the positions of Imam Abū Ḥanīfah and his followers. A thorough reading of the work will introduce students not only to the specific textual proofs of the Ḥanafī school but also the wide range of juristic reasoning and principles (uṣūl) employed therein.
HAD521CoreHadithA Study of Legal Traditions: Sunan al-Tirmidhī - Part IThe sunan genre of hadith literature primarily focuses on the evidence early Muslim jurists used in their arguments. This course examines the Sunan of Muḥammad b. ʿĪsā al-Tirmidhī (d. 279/892) from both a jurisprudential and a critical historical perspective, explaining the use of each hadith in support of a variety of legal positions but also exploring the grading of the hadith by the author and other classical hadith scholars.
HAD502CoreHadithStudies in Early Legal Hadith Discourse: Abū Ḥanīfah and Mālik IIThis course is an intensive analysis of the earliest legal arguments from hadith, in particular those employed by the preeminent jurists of the first and second centuries: Imams Abū Ḥanīfah, Mālik, Abū Yūsuf, and Muḥammad b. al-Ḥasan al-Shaybānī. Particular emphasis is devoted to legal arguments found in the transmissions of Mālik’s al-Muwaṭṭā through Muḥammad b. al-Ḥasan and Yaḥyā b. Yahyā al-Laythī, but readings in Muḥammad b. al-Ḥasan’s Kitāb al-Ḥujjah, Abū Ḥanīfah’s Kitāb al-Āthār, and al-Khawārizimī’s Jāmi' Masānīd al-Imām al-Aʿẓam are also included. Considerable attention will be given to understanding the different approaches of the Ahl al-Ra'y (jurists) and Ahl al-Ḥadīth (hadith transmitters) as well as those between the early (Ḥanafī and Mālikī) and later (Shāfi'ī and Ḥanbalī) juridical schools.
HAD512CoreHadithḤanafīs and Textual Authority: Reading al-Ṭaḥāwī’s Sharḥ Maʿānī al-Āthār IIThe bifurcation of the juridical schools along the lines of Ahl al-Ḥadīth (hadith transmitters) and Ahl al-Raʾy (jurists) was largely a consequence of claims from the former that the latter’s overuse of legal reasoning (raʾy) resulted in a neglect of clear and established hadith evidence. Imam Abū Ja'far al-Ṭaḥāwī addresses this claim in a monumental hadith collection, Sharḥ Ma'ānī al-Āthār, that serves as one of the earliest expansive hadith-based defense of the positions of Imam Abū Ḥanīfah and his followers. A thorough reading of the work will introduce students not only to the specific textual proofs of the Ḥanafī school but also the wide range of juristic reasoning and principles (uṣūl) employed therein.
HAD522CoreHadithA Study of Legal Traditions: Sunan Abī Dāwūd - Part IThe sunan genre of hadith literature primarily focuses on the evidence early Muslim jurists used in their arguments. This course examines the Sunan of Abū Dāwūd al-Sijistānī (d. 204/819) from both a jurisprudential and a critical historical perspective, explaining the use of each hadith in support of a variety of legal positions as well as exploring the grading of the hadith by the author and other classical hadith scholars.
HAD531CoreHadithReadings in Ṣaḥīḥ al-Bukhārī, Parts Ial-Jāmiʿ al-Ṣaḥīḥ of Muḥammad b. Ismāʿīl al-Bukhārī (d. 256/870) is undoubtedly the most celebrated and authenticated of the primary hadith collections. This course will study the work with a dual focus on the hadith content as well as the author’s unique interpretive reasoning provided in the rich chapter headings (tarājim al-abwāb). Lectures on the text will be complemented with independent guided readings of the work’s various commentaries.
HAD541CoreHadithReadings in Ṣaḥīḥ Muslim, Parts IThis course explores the Ṣaḥīḥ work of Muslim b. al-Ḥajjāj al-Qushayrī (d. 261/875), focusing first on the discussions of historical methodology in the book’s prolegomena (muqaddamah), and then on the rich theological, legal, ethical, spiritual, eschatological, and historical issues derived from the hadith content. Students will also seek to appreciate the author’s unique skill in the arrangement of the hadith and in the presentation of the chains of transmitters.
HAD551CoreHadithIntroduction to Hadith Source Criticism: Grading Reports in Ibn Mājah’s SunanThis course introduces students to the critical analysis of hadith reporters and chains through an elaborate study of the zawā'id reports of Ibn Mājah’s Sunan, i.e. the reports unique to Ibn Mājah’s Sunan and not found in any of the other six canonical hadith collections, the Ṣaḥīḥs of al-Bukhārī and Muslim and the Sunan works of al-Nasāʾī, Abū Dāwūd, and al-Tirmidhī. While students will analyze both the hadith texts and chains, particular focus is placed on the critical analysis of hadith narrators and the evaluation of their narrations. Thus, students will be introduced to a practical study of ʿilm al-rijāl (the science of narrative biographies) through the study of a canonical hadith text.
HAD532CoreHadithReadings in Ṣaḥīḥ al-Bukhārī, Parts IIal-Jāmiʿ al-Ṣaḥīḥ of Muḥammad b. Ismāʿīl al-Bukhārī (d. 256/870) is undoubtedly the most celebrated and authenticated of the primary hadith collections. This course will study the work with a dual focus on the hadith content as well as the author’s unique interpretive reasoning provided in the rich chapter headings (tarājim al-abwāb). Lectures on the text will be complemented with independent guided readings of the work’s various commentaries.
HAD542CoreHadithReadings in Ṣaḥīḥ Muslim, Parts IIThis course explores the Ṣaḥīḥ work of Muslim b. al-Ḥajjāj al-Qushayrī (d. 261/875), focusing first on the discussions of historical methodology in the book’s prolegomena (muqaddamah), and then on the rich theological, legal, ethical, spiritual, eschatological, and historical issues derived from the hadith content. Students will also seek to appreciate the author’s unique skill in the arrangement of the hadith and in the presentation of the chains of transmitters.
HAD552CoreHadithHadith Chain Analysis: A Sanad Reading of Sunan al-NasāʾīThis course consists of a thorough study of select portions of the Sunan of Imam Abū 'Abd al-Raḥmān al-Nasāʾī (d. 302/915), a work known for its special attention given to the discovery of hidden elements in hadith chains. Through the study of these chapters, students will be introduced to the sciences of hadith sourcing and comparative chain analysis ('ilm al-takhrīj wa dirāsat al-asānīd). While seeking to understand and appreciate the complexity of chain mapping, the jurisprudential aspects of the hadith texts will also be analyzed in light of the positions and arguments of the eminent masters of the field.