Department of Arabic

and the Instrumental Islamic Sciences

The Department of Arabic equips students with the necessary tools to engage the original sources of Islamic scholarship, and develops their communicative abilities to facilitate their participation in current debates.

Students are progressively introduced to master the fundamentals of Arabic language: Nahw (syntax) and Sarf (morphology). At a more advanced level, students are guided through the arts of Balāghah (rhetoric), Manṭiq (logic) and ‘ilm al-wad’ (semantics).

Along with these fundamentals, all four communicative skills, (reading comprehension, writing, speaking, and listening comprehension) will be gradually developed, while paying attention to expanding vocabularies for exploring classical texts and also modern usages.

Dr. Choukri Heddouchi

Liaison, Department of Arabic and Instrumental Sciences
choukri.heddouchi@darulqasim.org

Core Content Curriculum


 

Arabic and the Instrumental Islamic Sciences

Course Code

Core or Elective

Course Name

Course Description

ARAB101

Core

Arabic Syntactic Compendia: Iẓhār al-Asrār

Iẓhār al-Asrār of Imam Muḥammad b. Bīr 'Alī al-Birkiwī (d. 981/1573) has remained one of the most taught compendia of Arabic syntax over the centuries. It is distinguished by its causal approach to Arabic syntax, which is not presented in the usual order of noun, verb, and particle, but rather in the order of syntactic governors, governed words, and types of government. This teaches the student to analyze the Arabic language in terms of cause and effect, which is the objective of the course. The course begins with a study of al-'Awāmil, which is al-Birkiwī’s own summary of al-Iẓhār.

ARAB102

Core

Introduction to Advanced Arabic Syntax: Ibn Hishām’s Sharḥ Qaṭr al-Nadā wa Ball al-Ṣadā I

Ibn Hishām (d. 761/1360) wrote Sharḥ Qaṭr al-Nadā as a commentary on his own work, Qaṭr al-Nadā. Although the content of Sharḥ Qaṭr al-Nadā is very similar to the content of his other famous work on grammar, Sharḥ Shudhūr al-Dhahab, the structure is clearer and provides more lucid explanations of syntax concepts. The novel structure by which he organized his work laid the foundation for similar works after him, and is still used today. Lastly, students will apply the rules learned in Sharḥ Qaṭr al-Nadā by studying the famous anthology of Arabic literature Nafḥat al-‘Arab once a week.This is a two-semester course which will continue into ARAB 201.

ARAB111

Core

Advanced Arabic Morphology: Taṣrīf al-ʿIzzī

This course consists of an intensive study of Taṣrīf al-ˁIzzī, one of the most well-known and widely studied classical texts of Arabic morphology, written by ˁAbd al-Wahhāb b. Ibrāhīm al-Zanjānī (d.655/1257).

ARAB151

Core

Arabic Lab 1st Year - Level 1

This course aims to develop elementary communication skills in Arabic. By the end of the one-year course, a student should be able to engage in simple conversations about familiar topics (speaking and listening comprehension), and read and write simple sentences about familiar topics (reading comprehension and basic writing skills).

ARAB152

Core

Arabic Lab 1st Year - Level 2

This course aims to develop elementary communication skills in Arabic. By the end of the one-year course, a student should be able to engage in simple conversations about familiar topics (speaking and listening comprehension), and read and write simple sentences about familiar topics (reading comprehension and basic writing skills).

ARAB201

Core

Introduction to Advanced Arabic Syntax: Ibn Hishām’s Sharḥ Qaṭr al-Nadā wa Ball al-Ṣadā II

Ibn Hishām (d. 761/1360) wrote Sharḥ Qaṭr al-Nadā as a commentary on his own work, Qaṭr al-Nadā. Although the content of Sharḥ Qaṭr al-Nadā is very similar to the content of his other famous work on grammar, Sharḥ Shudhūr al-Dhahab, the structure is clearer and provides more lucid explanations of syntax concepts. The novel structure by which he organized his work laid the foundation for similar works after him, and is still used today. Lastly, students will apply the rules learned in Sharḥ Qaṭr al-Nadā by studying the famous anthology of Arabic literature Nafḥat al-‘Arab once a week.This is a two-semester course which will continue into ARAB 201.

ARAB202

Core

Sharh ibn 'Aqil

 

ARAB211

Core

Introduction to Arabic Rhetoric: al-Balāghah al-Wāḍiḥah I

This course surveys the vast field of Arabic rhetoric. Contemporary authors ʿAlī al-Jārim and Muṣṭafā Amīn present rhetorical concepts within each of the three branches of Arabic rhetoric, al-maʿānī, al-bayān, and al-badīʿ, in a methodical and coherent way. Each chapter begins with examples of rhetorical concepts followed by a detailed explanation (al-baḥth) and rules (al-qawāʾid). Thereafter, the text gives an opportunity to practice each concept through an array of different exercises utilizing poetry from different genres as well Qurʾānic verses and hadith.

ARAB212

Core

Introduction to Arabic Rhetoric al-Balāghah al-Wāḍiḥah II

This course surveys the vast field of Arabic rhetoric. Contemporary authors ʿAlī al-Jārim and Muṣṭafā Amīn present rhetorical concepts within each of the three branches of Arabic rhetoric, al-maʿānī, al-bayān, and al-badīʿ, in a methodical and coherent way. Each chapter begins with examples of rhetorical concepts followed by a detailed explanation (al-baḥth) and rules (al-qawāʾid). Thereafter, the text gives an opportunity to practice each concept through an array of different exercises utilizing poetry from different genres as well Qurʾānic verses and hadith.

ARAB251

Core

Arabic Lab 2nd Year - Level 3

This course aims to develop intermediate communication skills in Arabic. Each class students are encouraged to discuss and review in Arabic what they study in other classes. By the end of the one-year course, a student should be able to engage in conversations at the intermediate level, especially about familiar topics (speaking and listening comprehension), and read and write complex sentences, especially about familiar topics (reading comprehension and basic writing skills).

ARAB252

Core

Arabic Lab 2nd Year - Level 4

This course aims to develop intermediate communication skills in Arabic. Each class students are encouraged to discuss and review in Arabic what they study in other classes. By the end of the one-year course, a student should be able to engage in conversations at the intermediate level, especially about familiar topics (speaking and listening comprehension), and read and write complex sentences, especially about familiar topics (reading comprehension and basic writing skills).

ARAB301

Core

Selections from Arabic Literature: Mukhtārāt min Adab al-ʿArab I

This course aims to expand students’ understanding of classical Arabic literature and vocabulary, through the study of a selection of writings from various genres and eras of Arabic literature. Students are exposed to a wide range of rhetorical styles and expressions found in hadith texts, historical and prosopographical dictionaries, classical poetry, and modern prose. Through this course, students will be equipped to read, analyze, and translate both classical and contemporary texts.

ARAB302

Core

Selections from Arabic Literature: Mukhtārāt min Adab al-ʿArab II

This course aims to expand students’ understanding of classical Arabic literature and vocabulary, through the study of a selection of writings from various genres and eras of Arabic literature. Students are exposed to a wide range of rhetorical styles and expressions found in hadith texts, historical and prosopographical dictionaries, classical poetry, and modern prose. Through this course, students will be equipped to read, analyze, and translate both classical and contemporary texts.

ARAB351

Core

Arabic Lab 3rd Year - Level 5

This course aims to develop advanced communication skills in Arabic. Each class students discuss and review in Arabic what they study in other classes. By the end of the one-year course, a student should be able to engage in sophisticated conversations, especially about familiar topics, and develop advanced competence in reading and writing, especially about familiar topics.

ARAB352

Core

Arabic Lab 3rd Year - Level 6

This course aims to develop advanced communication skills in Arabic. Each class students discuss and review in Arabic what they study in other classes. By the end of the one-year course, a student should be able to engage in sophisticated conversations, especially about familiar topics, and develop advanced competence in reading and writing, especially about familiar topics.

ARAB451

Core

Arabic Lab 4th Year - Level 7

This course aims to develop very advanced communication skills in Arabic. Each class students discuss and review in Arabic what they study in other classes. Students will also give Arabic oral presentations about selected topics. By the end of the one-year course, a student should be able to engage in sophisticated conversations, and develop advanced competence in reading and writing.

ARAB452

Core

Arabic Lab 4th Year - Level 8

This course aims to develop very advanced communication skills in Arabic. Each class students discuss and review in Arabic what they study in other classes. Students will also give Arabic oral presentations about selected topics. By the end of the one-year course, a student should be able to engage in sophisticated conversations, and develop advanced competence in reading and writing.

ARAB511

Core

Classical Arabic Linguistics: Mullah Jāmīʿs al-Fawā'id al-Ḍiyā'iyyah

al-Fawāʾid al-Ḍiyāʾiyyah of Nūr al-Dīn ʿAbd al-Raḥmān al-Jāmī (d. 898/1492) has been considered the best commentary of al-Kāfiyah, Ibn al-Ḥājib’s (d. 646/1249) influential compendium of Arabic syntax. In traditional madrasas it is usually taught as the final work of Arabic syntax and is distinguished by Jāmī’s systematic integration of ʿlm al-waḍʿ (Arabic semantics) into Arabic syntax. The course begins with a study of an independent treatise in ʿilm al-waḍʿ to facilitate understanding Jāmī’s sophisticated approach.

ARAB531

Core

Advanced Arabic Rhetoric: Talkhīṣ al-miftāḥ and Mukhtaṣar al-Maʿānī I

Mukhtaṣar al-Maʿānī is Saʿd al-Dīn al-Taftāzānī’s (d. 792/1390) commentary on Khaṭīb al-Qazwīnī’s (d. 739/1338) Talkhīṣ al-Miftāḥ, which in turn is a study on the third section of Abū Ya'qūb al-Sakkākī’s (d. 626/1229) Miftāh al-'Ulūm covering maʿānī (the study of how variations in syntax affect meaning), bayān (the study of figurative language), and badīʿ (the study of other stylistic devices), the three sub-disciplines of 'ilm al-balāghah (Arabic rhetoric). Using Talkhīṣ al-Miftāḥ and Mukhtaṣar al-Maʿānī, the course will teach these three disciplines with the aim of giving students a strong grounding in Arabic rhetoric, so that they have a deeper appreciation of the Noble Qurʾān and the Arabic language. al-Talkhīs and Mukhtaṣar al-Maʿānī have traditionally been the final works taught on Arabic language and rhetoric in traditional institutions of Islamic higher learning, since students who master these works will be able to do independent research in classical works on Arabic language.

ARAB532

Core

Advanced Arabic Rhetoric: Talkhīṣ al-Miftāḥ and Mukhtaṣar al-Maʿānī II

Mukhtaṣar al-Maʿānī is Saʿd al-Dīn al-Taftāzānī’s (d. 792/1390) commentary on Khaṭīb al-Qazwīnī’s (d. 739/1338) Talkhīṣ al-Miftāḥ, which in turn is a study on the third section of Abū Ya'qūb al-Sakkākī’s (d. 626/1229) Miftāh al-'Ulūm covering ma'ānī (the study of how variations in syntax affect meaning), bayān (the study of figurative language), and badī' (the study of other stylistic devices), the three sub-disciplines of 'ilm al-balāghah (Arabic rhetoric). Using Talkhīṣ al-Miftāḥ and Mukhtaṣar al-Maʿānī, the course will teach these three disciplines with the aim of giving students a strong grounding in Arabic rhetoric, so that they have a deeper appreciation of the Noble Qur'ān and the Arabic language. al-Talkhīs and Mukhtaṣar al-Maʿānī have traditionally been the final works taught on Arabic language and rhetoric in traditional institutions of Islamic higher learning, since students who master these works will be able to do independent research in classical works on Arabic language.

ARAB551

Core

Advanced Arabic Lab I

This course surveys Arabic literature from Pre-Islamic to modern times, covering different genres of poetry and prose. The aim is to familiarize students with the characteristics of the Arabic literature of each period and area, and to enable the students to be at ease discussing them orally and in writing.

ARAB552

Core

Advanced Arabic Lab II

This course surveys Arabic literature from Pre-Islamic to modern times, covering different genres of poetry and prose. The aim is to familiarize students with the characteristics of the Arabic literature of each period and area, and to enable the students to be at ease discussing them orally and in writing.

ARAB221

Elective

Advanced Arabic Syntax: Jāmiʿ al-Durūs al-ʿArabiyyah I

This course consists of a study of the advanced Arabic syntax text Jāmi' al-Durūs al-'Arabiyyah of Muṣṭafā Ghalāyīnī. The text is an exhaustive and systematic study of the detailed rules of Arabic grammar and provides, beyond intermediate level, insight into the exceptions to common grammar rules as well as the divergent opinions of the early Arabic grammarians. Students memorize not only the grammar rules in this course, but also apply the rules through extensive exercises utilizing Qurʾānic verses, hadith, and Arabic poetry.

ARAB222

Elective

Advanced Arabic Syntax: Jāmiʿ al-Durūs al-ʿArabiyyah II

This course consists of a study of the advanced Arabic syntax text Jāmiʿal-Durūs al-ʿArabiyyah of Muṣṭafā Ghalāyīnī. The text is an exhaustive and systematic study of the detailed rules of Arabic grammar and provides, beyond intermediate level, insight into the exceptions to common grammar rules as well as the divergent opinions of the early Arabic grammarians. Students memorize not only the grammar rules in this course, but also apply the rules through extensive exercises utilizing Qurʾānic verses, hadith, and Arabic poetry.

ARAB298

Elective

Topics in Arabic

A culmination of various texts taught at the 200-level