Department of Qur'ānic Studies and Recitation

The Sunnah of Allah which is sending prophets and revealing books existed in the past with one common characteristic between all of them; “We did not send a messenger except that he spoke the language of his people so that he may explain waḥī (lit. revelation) to them.”

The Department of Qurʾānic Studies and Recitation, is devoted towards building an understanding with waḥī and its antecedents. The Noble Qurʾān was revealed to prophet Muhammad ﷺ by means of waḥī.  Therefore, an understanding of it is imperative at the very outset of delving into the study of the Qurʾān. This becomes a reality when one studies the Qurʾān and Arabic and its antecedents, which include rhetoric, tafsīr (exegesis) and recitation of the Qurʾān.

For the Prophet ﷺ, the Arabic language cannot be separated from the miracle of the Qurʾān:

إنا أنزلناه قرءانا عربيا لعلكم تعقلون
“We have sent it down as an Arabic Qurʾān so that you may understand”
Surah Yūsuf, 12:2

نزل به الروح الأمين على قلبك لتكون من المنذرين بلسان عربي مبين
“The trustworthy spirit descends with its verses upon your heart so that you may become of the forewarner in a clear Arabic tongue.”
Surah al-Shuʿarāʾ, 26:193-196

The Prophet ﷺ was sent to Arab Khullāṣ, they understood the Qurʾān in accordance to their proficiency in Arabic, even though the Qurʾān differed from their everyday language due to its linguistic eloquence in words and rhetorical constructions. In the Prophetic era, people understood the Qurʾān in accordance to their capabilities, but they all realized the iʿjāz (miracle) present therein. Throughout our various courses we explore Arabic rhetoric that reflects the miraculous nature of the Qurʾān. Taking it a step further we expound upon tafsīr (exegesis).

This department is also devoted to teaching the recitation of the Qurʾān. One of the aspects of the preservation of the Qurʾān is its correct pronunciation that has come to us from the time of the Prophet ﷺ. The Qurʾān is the literal word of Allah that He revealed as a source of legislation for mankind to live an organized life by. Being so important, the Qurʾān must be recited, read and written correctly and clearly, so misunderstandings are not created. Allah commanded the Prophet Muhammad ﷺ in the Qurʾān, “And recite the Qurʾān with measured recitation.” [Surah al-Muzammil, 73:4]. The theoretical aspect of Tajwīd will be taught through a detailed study of the famous al-Muqaddamah al-Jazariyyah along with a focus on its practical application after completing it study.

The primary method of transmission of the Qurʾān has always been oral. Each generation learns the Qurʾān from the generation before it, and this chain continues backwards until the time of the Companions, who learned it from the Prophet ﷺ himself. As ʿUmar ibn al-Khaṭṭāb stated, “The recitation of the Qurʾān is a Sunnah. The latter generations must take it from the earlier ones. Therefore, recite the Qurʾān only as you have been taught.” The Qurʾān was revealed in various modes and these modes of recitation are also taught as an elective in this department through an in-depth study of “al-Shāṭabiyyah” along with recitation using “al-Budūr al-Ẓāhirah” as the primary text.

 

Mawlana Arif Kamal

Liaison, Department of Qurˀānic Studies and Recitation
arif.kamal@darulqasim.org

Core Content Curriculum


Department of Qur'an

 

Course Code

Core or Elective

Course Name

Course Description

 

 

Tafsīr al-Nasafī I

This course will focus on Madārik al-Tanzīl wa Ḥaqāʾiq al-Taʾwīl known as Tafsīr al-Nasafī of the Central Asian Ḥanafī jurist and exegete Abū l-Barakāt ˁAbd Allāh b. Aḥmad al-Nasafī (d.710/1320). The work not only summarizes the grammatical, lexical, and rhetorical discussions of previous exegeses such as those of al-Zamakhsharī (d.538/1144) and al-Bayḍāwī (d. ca. 685/1286) but also interprets the legal and theological aspects of the Qurˀān through the lens of Ḥanafī jurisprudence and Māturīdī school of dialectic theology.

QUR502

Elective

Tafsīr al-Nasafī II

This course will focus on Madārik al-Tanzīl wa Ḥaqāʾiq al-Taʾwīl known as Tafsīr al-Nasafī of the Central Asian Ḥanafī jurist and exegete Abū l-Barakāt ˁAbd Allāh b. Aḥmad al-Nasafī (d.710/1320). The work not only summarizes the grammatical, lexical, and rhetorical discussions of previous exegeses such as those of al-Zamakhsharī (d.538/1144) and al-Bayḍāwī (d. ca. 685/1286) but also interprets the legal and theological aspects of the Qurˀān through the lens of Ḥanafī jurisprudence and Māturīdī school of dialectic theology.