Course Name: Arabic Syntactic Compendia: Iẓhār al-Asrār
Iẓhār al-Asrār of Imam Muḥammad b. Bīr ‘Alī al-Birkiwī (d. 981/1573) has remained one of the most taught compendia of Arabic syntax over the centuries. It is distinguished by its causal approach to Arabic syntax, which is not presented in the usual order of noun, verb, and particle, but rather in the order of syntactic governors, governed words, and types of government. This teaches the student to analyze the Arabic language in terms of cause and effect, which is the objective of the course. The course begins with a study of al-‘Awāmil, which is al-Birkiwī’s own summary of al-Iẓhār.
Arabic Syntactic Compendia: Iẓhār al-Asrār